Today Exercise medicine and Nutrition medicine are highly sophisticated
and developed medical specialties .Role of exercise , nutrition
is being increasingly realized amongst medical scientists , medical
practitioners , as well as general population. Nutrition
medicine , Exercise medicine , Sports
medicine , rehabilitation medicine and preventive medicine
are a few of the medical specialties which use principles of exercise
and nutrition . Their scope is rapidly expanding. In western countries
, (esp. USA) specialty nutrition and exercise clinics are set up
which give services to general population as well as sports persons.
sciences and exercise sciences have two broad areas of application
, firstly for prevention and control of certain diseases ( e.g.
obesity , diabetes , knee
osteoarthritis , certain heart diseases
, hypertension) and second for improvement in sports
performance . Internationally acclaimed organizations such as WHO
( World Health Organization) , ACSM (American college of Sports
medicine ) , AHA(American Heart Association ) , NIN ( National Institute
of Nutrition) are investing billions of dollars for research , training
and development in these fields.